History of Cremation
The process of cremation which is a way to dispose of a dead person’s body is being practiced for centuries in many parts of the world since very ancient times. Studies have shown that this practice got probably started by individuals living in the Near East and Europe around 3000 BC which comprise if the initial Stone Age period.
The discovery of pottery urns with decorations by the Slavic people in western Russia are sufficient evidence to prove that this practice of cremation process timeline was very common in that area and had spread across northern Europe during the later part of the Stone Age.
During the start of the Bronze Age stretching from 2500 BC to 1000 BC, the practice spread to the regions which currently known as Portugal and Spain and the British Isles. It even spread to Hungary in the northern part of Europe, to Ireland and northern Italy where cremation grounds were created for carrying out this process.
The practice of cremation process timeline came to be followed elaborately by the Greeks during the Mycenaean Age around 1000 BC. As a matter of fact, the practice highly dominated the culture of the country of Greece. During the time of Homer in 800 BC and most of the people in the country encouraged it as the fastest and safest process for the disposal of the bodies of dead soldiers in the war-torn country that caused the minimum of health hazards.
The practice of cremation process timeline which gets practiced today, came to be followed only recently by starting about a century ago when a suitable chamber for carrying out the process could be developed after going through a lot of trial and error methods. The practice started to be followed more seriously on either side of Atlantic after the Italian professor Brunetti showcased the model designed by him with a large amount of success at an exposition in Vienna in 1873.
Records show that till the period 1800 only two cremations have been carried out in North America. The first crematory got built in Washington, Pennsylvania in 1876 by Dr. Julius LeMoyne, which started the practice of cremation process timeline in the country of North America in real earnest.
The original cremation process timeline for the final disposal of bodies suffered from first and time-consuming stages, but advances in technology have given the advanced process a much more standard and efficient form. Various companies around the world nowadays manufacture cremation chambers which can accommodate a fully grown person and which can carry out the job within two hours.
The working of an affordable cremation process timeline
- Preparing the body – The director of the funeral house has first to obtain permission from the immediate family member or members to send the body of the dead person through the cremation process timeline. This document has to carry the signatures of both the family member or members and funeral house.
The second step is to remove everything like jewelry etc. from the body which the family members do not wish to get cremated with it during the cremation process timeline. Any implanted devices such as a pacemaker too gets removed to avoid any mishap. Embalming the body may not be required at this stage if the family does not want the body to be kept for public viewing during the memorial services.
Next, a casket or container for cremation made of wood with a plywood bottom to make it sturdy is used to place the body in. The wood of the casket or container gets quickly burnt with the body during the process.
- Cremating the body – During the cremation process timeline, the body gets placed inside the main cremation chamber from one end. The walls of the cremation chamber, also known as a retort, have their ceiling and walls lined with the fire safe bricks. The floor is of masonry compound that can withstand temperatures that are scalding. The door of the chamber, which is nearly six inches thick gets closed manually or in sometimes automatically after the body gets placed in the chamber.
During the process, the operators then start the burners which follow an initial cycle of warming up and then comes the next cycle when the main burners start the actual incineration process for the body. The heaters usually use propane or natural gas for the burning process and the temperature inside the chamber reaches something between 1800 and 2000 degrees Fahrenheit.
The cremation process entirely reduces the body to a few bone pieces within one and a half to two hours. A little more time is required by chambers which have older designs.
- The final process for the Ashes – A period of approximately thirty minutes or so to an hour is needed for the chamber to cool down and the bone fragments to be retrieved. When the chamber is sufficiently cold, the remains are taken out of the main cremation chamber and placed on a work table. All debris that may still be there such as nails, screws, surgical pins, and limbs or joints made from titanium are removed by using a magnet or manually.
After this, the remaining fragments of the bones are placed in a container that is cylindrical in shape and has blades at the bottom that are driven by motors. The container crushes the fragments of the bone into a fine dust which are the ashes from the cremation sometimes known as cremains.
The ashes from the criminal process timeline are next put inside a bag kept in a temporary container or inside an urn which may be provided to the crematory by the funeral house. The operator places a tag on the container having the remains before returning the container to the funeral home. This is essential to ensure that the family does not get somebody else’s ashes instead of that of their departed loved one. The urn is then handed over to the family.